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- AVISO LEGAL
Martinez-Echevarría & Rivera is an international law firm that
provides a host of first-class legal services. Established in
1983 on the Costa del Sol, the firm has become a reference
point in the local legal community in our areas of
operation as per its specialisation in multidisciplinary legal
advice to both companies and private individuals.
We know the area, and we know that a first class service means
not only giving expert advice and assistance but also ensuring
that our clients have continual access to up to date information
on issues that may affect them and/or their business.
Martinez-Echevarría & Rivera counts on a team of 120 legal
professionals working in 16 offices located in 4 countries.
We pride ourselves in being a firm of international lawyers
specialised in providing bespoke legal services to a discerning
As specialists in the real estate field, the highly renowned law
firm Martínez-Echevarría & Rivera, acts as an independent legal
adviser to buyers immersed in the process of purchasing a
property in Spain.
Be aware that when deciding to purchase a property in Spain,
the logical first step is to choose a reliable real estate agency
that can help you to find a property which best suits your needs.
Herewith is a basic guideline to the steps involved when
purchasing a property in Spain:
In order for a property to be removed from the market, it is customary for the potential buyer to place a deposit of between 6,000 – 10,000 Euros (this amount varies depending on the property purchase price).
This deposit can be paid to the Real Estate agency or to our clients account, as the buyer’s legal representative.
As specialists in the real estate field, the highly renowned law firm Martínez-Echevarría & Rivera, acts as an independent legal adviser to buyers immersed in the process of purchasing a property in Spain. Be aware that when deciding to purchase a property in Spain, the logical first step is to choose a reliable real estate agency that can help you to find a property which best suits your needs.
Our services will also cover the following important aspects :
‣ Obtaining your NIE number. The NIE number is a tax number in Spain for foreigners. You need this number in order to be able to register your purchase in the land registry office and pay your taxes. This number is also needed to arrange your contract with service suppliers such as water, electricity, telephone, and other services.
‣ Verification of existing debts on the property, such as Council Tax Rates (IBI), horizontal property (community) charges, outstanding utility bills, and calculation of the Plusvalía Tax that is applicable in cases where the vendor is non-resident and in accordance to Spanish law must be retained from the purchase price.
‣ Payment of the corresponding expenses and taxes arising from the public deed of sale/purchase and the registration thereof in the corresponding Land Registry
The expenses and taxes arising from the execution before a Notary Public of the corresponding deed of purchase are as following:
NOTE: In the case of purchasing a property and constituting a new mortgage both notary fees and registry fees will be applicable as the mortgage has its own public title deed which will then need to be registered. Stamp Duty is also applicable at 1.5% of the mortgage responsibility amount.
Once we complete our due diligence, and providing that everything is in order, in a period of 2-3 weeks from the signing of the reservation deposit, we will proceed with the preparation and subsequent signing of the private purchase contract with the payment of the amount previously agreed with the vendors. Upon the signing of the private purchase agreement, it is customary for the buyer to pay to the owner an amount equivalent to 10% of the purchase price in the case of resale property and an amount equal to 30% of the purchase price in the case of off plan properties. The private contract is a very important step, as herein we will set out the terms and conditions of the purchase; therefore, we will carry out all the necessary negotiations with the vendor’s legal representatives to defend the client’s best interests.
Power of attorney. Many of our clients choose to grant power of attorney in our favour in order to act on their behalf in Spain during the buying process. This will enable us to sign the relevant paperwork related to the purchase and the mortgage, if necessary. The power of attorney can be granted in Spain by a public notary, which is the easiest way, with an estimated cost of 70 Euros, or at the Spanish Consulate in your country of residence.
Furthermore, it can also be granted in your country of residence before a public notary, but in this case, it should then be legalised with the Apostille of the Hague Convention or through Consular legalisation for it to have legal value in Spain. In any event, we will also assist you during this process should you choose to grant power of attorney, here in Spain or abroad.
After the signing of the private contract, in a period of 4-6 weeks, depending on the conditions agreed with the vendors, the public deed of purchase will be signed by the client with our assistance or by us with the aforementioned power of attorney. At this moment the balance of the purchase price must be paid to the seller, with the buyer taking physical possession of the property.
Our office will take care of contracting and/or changing the title of all the contracts with supply companies as well as the relevant taxes concerning the property, and if you so wish we can arrange the direct debiting of those bills (direct payment made by your own bank in Spain). A bank account in Spain will be needed in order to set up the direct debit for the utilities, rates, household waste collection and community fees. We can also assist you in the opening the Spanish bank account.
THE NON-RESIDENT INCOME TAX
Regardless of whether your property is rented or not, you will always have to pay income tax as per the following rules:
THE WEALTH TAX
This tax will affect residents on their worldwide assets and non-residents
with assets in Spain over 700.000 Euros. There is a further exception of
300.000 Euros for the main residential home.
Wealth tax is an annual tax, payable on the total value of your taxable
assets as of the 31st of December. If you are a resident in Spain, you are
liable to be taxed on your assets worldwide; if you are a non-resident,
then only on your Spanish assets.
The progressive tax rates range from 0.2% up to 2.5% on assets over
This tax must be submitted before the end of June of the following year.
According to regional legislation in force since May 2016, properties that are rented for touristic purposes for periods of less than two months duration at a time must be registered in the Tourism Office of the Regional Government of Andalusia (Junta de Andalucía), as long as they comply with the basic requirements demanded by the legislation in force. To this effect, we are at your disposal to carry out the registration process before the corresponding authority
When you have purchased a property in Spain, or you are the holder of any other assets in Spain, such as bank accounts, life insurance policies, shares or any other type of financial products, granting a last will and testament in Spain over your Spanish assets is highly recommended.
A Spanish will ensures a smooth distribution of your assets in Spain and that you avoid future formalities, complications, delays, and additional costs derived from the process of succession and inheritance over those properties or assets located in Spain, as otherwise the assets will not be transferred easily to your wife/ husband or relatives.
In the last will and testament, the testator may choose the law of his/ her nationality as the law that governs his/her succession. This choice of the applicable law allows the testator to freely dispose of his properties and assets in Spain always according to the limitations established by the legislation of his country of nationality, but in any case, avoiding forced inheritance rules applicable under Spanish law.
In that regard, the testator shall appoint his inheritors and legatees and will determine the percentages allocated to each of the heirs and the specific assets to be transferred to the legatees.
Additionally, in the Last Will and Testament, the testator can establish specific rules to be followed in the distribution of the assets, and appoint an executor who will ensure the fulfilment of his/her last wishes as detailed in the will, and it is also an opportunity to appoint tutors for the children, when these are minor.
To summarise, the Spanish Last Will and Testament will make the process of succession and inheritance over your Spanish assets quicker, easier, and less costly.
Otherwise, i.e., not having a Spanish Will means expending time and
incurring costs associated with the process of giving validity in Spain
to a foreign Last Will and Testament. Not having any Will and
Testament at all means that for the distribution of the Spanish assets,
it will be necessary to strictly follow what it is stated in the intestacy
laws of the country of the last habitual residence of the deceased.
We are ready to assist you today in your language. Please use the contact form below and a member of our team will be in touch.